Lastly, countersink. There are several different kinds. If you only have one drill, you might want to pick up an all-in-one pilot/countersink/screw combination. These will have a holder that you chuck into your drill, pull on a collar (like an air hose fitting) and insert the combination "bit" with whatever side you need, the pilot/countersink side, or the screwdriver bit side. When doing LOTS of holes needing countersinking, these save a tremendous amount of time. The first picture below shows such a combination. The piece on the far left is the holder, and one of the bits is shown next to it. Usually they come with one bit, but the kit shown comes with several. The green line represents where it'll chuck into the holder. The yellow arrow shows the drill/countersink side of the bit, and the red arrow shows the phillips bit (which can be changed out for whatever type of screw you're using) which you'd undo the collar, flip the bit, and drive the screw into the material. The second picture shows what just a drill bit/countersink combination looks like, and is essentially what's being pointed to by the yellow arrow in that washed out did-the-best-I-could-to-make-it-visible picture.
I have several drills, so I have a "dedicated" countersink bit that I'll put in one drill, and have another drill with the bit I need to do the pilot holes. The dedicated countersink is shown in the third picture. Whatever works for you, but seriously, if you only have a single drill, spend your money wisely and get the combination setup. It'll cost about $10-15, whereas the other two will cost about $6-10. After doing half a dozen or so holes and having to remove the drill bit, chuck the countersink, tighten it up, remove it, etc, you'll be tempted to skip this step. Don't.
The fourth picture shows what a pilot hole and countersink should look like when finished. Precision is nice, but not necessary. Countersink enough that the screw head will be below the surface of the wood. With practice, patience, or both, you'll get the "feel" for what the right depth is. Remember, too little at first is easy to fix. Too much just makes the job harder on yourself. Slow, test the screw head in your countersunk hole. When the head of the screw can be placed inside, you've gone deep enough.